We have just given our middle-school daughter permission to be on Facebook. How can we make sure that she uses Facebook appropriately and avoids being bullied online? -- No Cybersurfers


Just about every high-school student in the country is on Facebook, and the number of middle-schoolers is rapidly increasing. The time to talk with your child about being on Facebook safely is before she actually is. A good place to start is by visiting the safety information site on Facebook (www.facebook.com/help/?safety). Read this information together. Be sure that your child understands the consequences of using Facebook inappropriately. It can be very dangerous. You may wish to ask her if you can visit her page at any time to evaluate the content she is putting up and receiving.

A very unfortunate aspect of the online experience is cyberbullying. The estimate of the number of children who have been ridiculed or threatened through computer messages ranges from 1 in 3 to 1 in 10. Whatever the true extent of cyberbullying is, it certainly means that you should talk to your daughter about it. Some children are able to shrug it off, while others have been completely unable to handle the bullying.

Teens are old enough and smart enough to carefully consider their online actions. Judge Thomas Jacobs has written a book -- "Teen Cyberbullying Investigated: Where Do Your Rights End and Consequences Begin?" -- that you may want your child to read. It spells out exactly when teens' actions cross the line or go as far as illegal activity and gives them a chance to think about ethical issues while reading actual cases.