Q:

What can you tell us about learning disabilities? - Curious

A:

Learning disabilities are neurobiological differences in brain structure and/or function. These differences lead to problems with learning. New brain-scanning techniques have enabled scientists to understand the underlying neural basis of learning disabilities.

Children with learning disabilities are often just as intelligent or more intelligent than other children but have difficulty learning because their minds process words or information differently.

It's is not easy for parents of children with learning disabilities to get the help their children need and are entitled to receive without being very knowledgeable, proactive and determined. Adults should familiarize themselves with the following early warning signs pointing to the possibility that a young child in kindergarten through fourth grade may have a learning problem:

  • -Slow to learn the connection between letters and sounds.
  • -Confuses basic words (run, eat, want).
  • -Makes consistent reading and spelling errors, including letter reversals (b/d), inversions (m/v), transposition, (felt, left) and substitutions (house/home).
  • -Transposes number sequences and confuses arithmetic signs.
  • -Slow recall of facts. Slow to learn new skills, relies heavily on memorization.

Schools often drag their heels in providing help. You must know where to go for help for your children. The website www.ldanatl.org provides solid information on learning disabilities. The earlier a diagnosis of a disability is made, the more effective the help will be.